Water generally turns acidic as it has to pass through an ongoing
cycle. It falls as rain or snow, becomes polluted with environmental
dirt, and then evaporates into the atmosphere, to complete the cycle.
The whole process contributes towards water becoming "hard" or "acidic".
Hard water usually contains greater amount of such minerals, as
magnesium, iron and calcium, per gallon, than is normally necessary.
Water treatment is vital for every industry. The manufacturers of
industrial water softeners help a particular industry to meet the
standard water quality requirements needed for consistent processes and
production. In the industries, the same technique of water softening is
followed, as in the domestic sphere, but on a higher scale.
Basic functioning of a water softener
A water softening unit makes use of an ion exchange process. The
water is run in the mineral tank over the water softener's resin beads.
In this way the hard minerals in the water get attached to the resin,
which releases sodium into the water. The water is made soft by the
replacement of the ions - mainly calcium and magnesium, with sodium or
potassium. Some softeners help to remove iron content from water.
Industrial water softeners collect the minerals causing hardness inside
the conditioning tank, and flush them out into the drain at regular
intervals. There are various categories of water softeners
available in the market for industrial or commercial purposes. Some of
them are steel tank â€“ diaphragm valves softeners, FRP tank diaphragm
valves softeners, steel tank top mounted valves softeners, and fiber
glass tank top mounted valves softeners. Softeners can be operated
either manually, in a semi automatic manner, or in a fully automatic
manner. Each category of softener is rated according to the degree of
hardness it can remove. An efficient water softener lasts for many
years, with very little maintenance required, except filling them with
softening salts such as rock salt, evaporated salt, and solar salt
Benefits of water softening
Hard water causes minerals such as calcium and magnesium to build up
on piping, water heaters, heat exchangers, and boilers. This build up
brings with it expensive repairs, higher energy consumption, and clogged
boiler tubes and heat exchangers. Water softening helps to remove these
negative effects. Some of the places where industrial water softening
equipments are used are boiler feed water, manufacturing plants, office
complexes, food processing plants, laundries, restaurants, car washes,
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